Can the Kenyan State Put the 300,000 Most Vulnerable Children in the Country on a Cash Transfer Programme by the End of 2010?

The Republic of Kenya embarked on a cash transfer scheme for the most vulnerable children in 2004. Starting with 500 households in a first phase of the programme, they are now expanding to 30,000 by the end of the 2008 with a target of 300,000 by 2010. This paper reviews cash transfer programmes in Eastern and Southern Africa and particularly examines the question of why this intervention has not featured as a key element of development assistance in African countries since independence, describes lessons learned during the first phase of the scheme in Kenya and examines the affordability of reaching the 300,000 children by 2010 target versus alternatives such as universal scheme for all children.


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